Porcelain tiles are merely a form of ceramic tiles. Whilst the preparation of ceramic and porcelain tiles are similar, it is the pressing and firing process which results in the porcelain tile having the superior characteristics of being much stronger and less porous - generally with a water absorption rate of 0.5% or less.
Porcelain tiles can be glazed or un-glazed. A glazed tile surface has been finished and does not require sealing. An unglazed porcelain tile may require sealing. Please check with your Surface Gallery consultant if the tile you have selected requires sealing. A ‘Rectified Porcelain Tile’ is a tile with a straight square cut edge. It will look more streamline once installed as the grout joint will appear a lot smaller than a ‘Non-Rectified’ (Rolled/Round edge) tile.
Cleaning and Maintenance Ceramic & Porcelain Tiles
It’s important to understand the nature and requirements for a particular floor tile to improve its service life and performance. This will vary according to the type of tile and its surface characteristics.
Highly slip-resistant tiles versus matt tiles will dictate which cleaning methods should be used. For example; specialist cleaning pads or stiff broom may be required for more textured surfaces.
Post installation cleaning and maintenance personnel should be given recommendations for cleaning and possible risks of misuse. Please be aware that damage can occur to tiles if incorrect chemicals or methods are used.
There are generally three stages of tile cleaning;
1) Installation cleaning - Incorporating removal of excess adhesives and grouts.
2) Post installation cleaning - Removing any building soil including plaster, paint, etc.
3) Routine maintenance - A cleaning regime that will provide cleanliness and safety of the floor while maintaining the integrity of the tiles.
All tiled surfaces require maintenance and daily sweeping and washing to remove soiling remains the most basic method. Washing the floor should remove visible marks where the correct amount of cleaning agent is used. Residual streaks, detergent marks and films can result from use of excessive cleaning agent. It’s important to ensure that cleaning products are always completely removed from the surface by a final rinsing with clean water.
A pH neutral sulphate-free cleaning agent is recommended. It is not recommended to use acidic cleaning agents as it may result in grout attack and cause hazing of glazed tiles.
Abrasive cleaning methods should generally be avoided as they can contribute to excessive wear. Appropriate cleaning agents are available, refer to specialist cleaning suppliers for further information. Always remember to follow the manufactures instructions when using any cleaning product or equipment.
• Dust and mop floors frequently
• Try to clean a small inconspicuous area first
• Thoroughly rinse well with clean water and dry the surface after washing
• Avoid high concentration of cleaning agents for prolonged periods of time
• Always protect your floor if renovating or if there is any construction surrounding the tile area
• Blot up spills immediately
• Never use cleaners that contain acid
• Never use cleaning agents which incorporate wax or polish, as it may result in a build-up of residue
• Less is better when it comes to cleaning agents and chemicals
• Use appropriate cleaning utensils to suit surface finish or texture.
Always call a professional tile cleaning specialist for problems that appear too difficult to treat.
If an inappropriate cleaning application is used, the result can be damaging.
PLEASE REFER TO THE AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS DOCUMENT AS 3958.1 - 2007 APPENDIX C CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE FOR EXTENDED INFORMATION